The image belongs to what was once known as the age of the reindeer. Katherine Darton's Notes of the history of mental health care archive on the Mind website begins in 10, BC.
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A selected bibliography from mainstream journals with sample quotations This page will provide you with source references that you can cut and paste.
The sample quotations may give you an idea of the usefulness of that reference as well as the writing style. Remember that you should check all references yourself by accessing the articles from your library personally.
No guarantees are made about the accuracy of the text quoted here. This will enable you rapidly to find, say, all the articles and quotations containing the word "Kevorkian" or "Substituted Judgement".
You are theth visitor since 15 Jan using the above URL. Journal of American Geriatrics Society, May43 5: When a physician provides either equipment or medication, or informs the patient of the most efficacious use of already available means, for the sole purpose of assisting the patient to end his or her own life.
When, at the request of the patient, a physician administers a medication or treatment, the sole intent of which is to end the patient's life. Canadian Medical Association Journal9: Treatment of incompetent elderly patients with life-threatening illness varies widely within and between countries.
Uniform standards should be developed on the basis of societal values and be communicated to physicians. Family physicians were more likely than specialists to choose more conservative therapy. This was true even when the wishes were expressed in an explicit written directive. Journal of American Medical Association, August 9,6: Many members of the public assume that taking a lethal dose of medication is certain to lead to a peaceful death.
Physicians need to help patients appreciate that the attempt may fail, that complications such as aspiration pneumonia may occur, and that reflex actions may lead patients to struggle against plastic bags placed over their heads.
Patients and their families should also be cautioned about telephoning if the suicide attempt fails. New England Journal of Medicine ; The document is a will in the sense that it spells out the person's directions. It is "living" because it takes effect before death.
Some Massachusetts attorneys, for example, have already drafted a page, single-spaced proxy form that is all but unintelligible to non-lawyers. This is a serious error for at least two reasons. When Procedures Limit Rights: From Quinlan to Conroy.
Hastings Center Report Apr: A proposed advance directive format for South Australia. Australian Health Law Bulletin ; 2 7: Patient requests and Physician Responses. Journal of the American Medical Association Physicians do not consult each other often about these cases.
Drafting Wills in Scotland. It might be argued that the physician's duty of mercy derives from a special contractual or fiduciary relationship with the patient, but I think this is an error: It is true that the Oath, in its original form, does contain an explicit injunction that the physician shall not give a lethal potion to a patient who requests it, nor make a suggestion to that effect.
To do so was apparently common Greek medical practice at the time. But the Oath in its original form also contains explicit prohibitions of the physicians accepting fees for teaching medicine, and of performing surgery - even on gall stones.
These latter prohibitions are not retained in modern reformulations of the Oath, and I see no reason why the provision against giving lethal potions to patients who request it should be.
What is central to the Oath and cannot be deleted without altering its essential character is the requirement that the physician shall come "for the benefit of the sick". Under the argument advanced here, physician's assistance in patient suicide may indeed be for the benefit of the patient.
What the Oath would continue to prohibit is physician assistance in the suicide for the physician's own gain or to serve other institutional or societal ends. To do so is to deprive the patient of the possibility of retaining his or her status as a moral agent, and to make him or her a "patient" in not only a medical but a moral sense as well.
Among the indignities that medicine is capable of inflicting, this may be among the most profound.
Is the person making a request for help?a National mean, approximately 54%.. b National mean, approximately 7%.. c Mean cost of $ to $1 per physician.. d Assumes that burned out physicians are approximately 2 times as likely to turn over as non–burned out physicians.
Note: You might want to start at the Obama Index Page, especially if you arrived here by using a search engine. The United States already has a multi-billion-dollar system of socialized medicine, called Medicare and Medicaid.
Federal, state and local governments spent a total of $ billion on health care in Can you imagine having the passion, drive, talent, and focus to labor not only weeks or months, but sometimes years (and often with nominal financial reward), to create something others can pick up, open, ignore, digest, savor, critique, enjoy, and experience in the form of a published book?
Importance Widespread burnout among physicians has been recognized for more than 2 decades. Extensive evidence indicates that physician burnout has important personal and professional consequences.
Observations A lack of awareness regarding the economic costs of physician burnout and uncertainty regarding what organizations can do to address the problem have been barriers to many . Note: You might want to start at the Obama Index Page, especially if you arrived here by using a search engine.
The United States already has a multi-billion-dollar system of socialized medicine, called Medicare and Medicaid. Federal, state and local governments spent a total of $ billion on health care . For families with children ages birth to 5 Move and groove to your favorite kids’ tunes! During this noisy 45 minutes of songs, dance and fingerplays, everyone in the room should be prepared to join the fun.